The repressions of orthodox clericals in Georgia, in XX century

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Introduction

The relationship between religion and governmant, causes various of problems. In this text we will show a bit information, about repressions of Georgian Clericals, after in this country established Socialistic regime.

The repressions of orthodox clericals in Georgia, in XIX century

Main leader of socialistic revolution   in Russia, Vladimir Lenin was writting: ,,I make a conclusion, that just now we have to start the most decisive and unmerciful fight, against black Hundreder clericals and suppress their resistance so strictly to be impossible of forget this, for several hundred yaers.”[1]

only from this quote is clear to understand, how would be a dependant of Socialistic state to orthodox clericals. We can resolutely say, that Lenin kept his promise.

we can find information in archives of sovety union, that ,,in 1924, for take part in insurrection, sistenced to be shot of 832 person, 44 of them was clerical. The court didnot consider that Archipriest George Inashvili ministried in first world war, was rewarded with many medal and warrant, also he studied with one of the leader of Comunistic party-I.Stalin in spiritual seminary.’’[2]

The most of sentenced was executed by threesome court, named-,,тройка” and 99% of them was unjust. For example in 1924, several clericals (Mitropollit  Nazar, two archipriest, prist and deacon.) travelled to village ,,Sviri”, to blessed a new church. About this fact understood  authorities and arrested and shooted them, do to made conclusion, that this clericals gathered illegal and aim of their meeting was contrrevolutionistic.

the repressions was not against to only memebers of a low hierarchy, sacrafice of them was also the highest hierarchy, for example Catholicos Patriarch of all Georgia Ambrosi (Khelaia).  On 1922 he ,,addressed a memorandum to the Genoa Conference, in which he described the conditions under which Georgia was living since the Red Army invasion, protested in the name of the people of Georgia, deprived of their rights, against the Soviet occupation and demanded the intervention of civilized humanity to oppose the atrocities of the Bolshevik regime.”[3]

For this, in 1926 Ambrosi and several other cleries were released from prisons and died on 1927.

conclusion

We think that from this small text is clear, in which conditions lived Georgian cleries, after Russian Empire occupied their country.We have not a correct informations about damage of Georgian orthodox (and not only) church, from Socialistic regime, but from 1921 to 1989, hundred of Georgian clericals made shooted, thousand of priests put into prison, destroied, clossed or changed historical churches and monuments, robberied unique items and etc. Now its impossible to compensate this damage, which recieved Georgian orthodox church, from Sovetie Union.

Bibliography

1-The Canadian Journal of Orthodox Christianity; Fall 2008

2-David Marshall Lang (1962). A Modern History of Georgia, London:

3- Erwin Iserloh, Hubert Jedin (1980), History of the Church,

4-Hubert Jedin ; History of the Church; (1980),

http://www.ambebi.ge

http://damoukidebloba.com

http://www.orthodoxtheology.ge

 

[1] George Kharshiladze; Shooted Clericals;

http://www.ambebi.ge/sazogadoeba/116746-dakhvretili-samghvdeloeba-sasuliero-pirebi-tragikuli-aghsasrulith.htm

[2] -George Kldiashvili; Journal ,,Moambe’’; 11 feb.2016;

http://damoukidebloba.com/c/news/1924_wlis_ambokheba

[3] Tchantouridze, Lasha. Russia Annexes Georgia. Georgian Patriarch’s Letter to the 1922 Genoa Conference. The Canadian Journal of Orthodox Christianity. Volume III, No 3, Fall 2008

Jump up ^ Erwin Iserloh, Hubert Jedin (1980), History of the Church, p. 478. Seabury Press, ISBN 0-8245-0013-X.

 

 

 

 

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